Нетренированный военкоммунист (uncle_ho) wrote,
Нетренированный военкоммунист

Истребительные батальоны

в английской Википедии, например.

Статья, как видно, поправлена нашими прибалтийскими "друзьями".

The battalions were created in the territories near the front line during Operation Barbarossa, with the mission to secure the Red Army rear, assure the operation of strategically important enterprises and to destroy the valuable property that could not be evacuated. The units received authority to summarily execute any suspicious person. Basically the tasks accounted for the implementation of a scorched earth policy.
The fight against Anti-Soviet partisans and the implementation of the scorched earth tactics were accompanied by terror against the civilian population, which was treated as supporters or shelterers of forest brothers. The destruction battalions burnt down farms and some small boroughs.
Thousands of people including a large proportion of women and children were killed, while dozens of villages, schools and public buildings were burned to the ground. A school boy Tullio Lindsaar had all bones in his hands broken then was bayoneted for hoisting the Estonian tri-colour. Mauricius Parts, son of the Estonian War of Independence veteran Karl Parts, was doused in acid. In August 1941, all residents of the village of Viru-Kabala were killed including a two-year old child and a six-day old infant. A partisan war broke out in response to the atrocities of the destruction battalions, with tens of thousands of men forming the Forest Brothers to protect the local population from these battalions. Occasionally, the battalions burned people alive. The destruction battalions murdered 1,850 people in Estonia. Almost all of them were partisans or unarmed civilians.
The destruction battalions in the illegally annexed Baltic states were a collaborators' organisation, which assisted the implementation of the criminal policy of the Soviet regime, and was thus a criminal organisation. It has been identified as such by the Riigikogu the Parliament of Estonia. At the same time, the destroyers cannot be accused of crimes against humanity in corpore, because of the legal principles of the individual character of guilt and responsibility.
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